Acute Injuries vs. Chronic Injuries

What is Considered an Acute Injury?

According to the Sports Trauma and Overuse Prevention, acute injuries are usually the result of one traumatic event. Common examples include:

  • Wrist fractures
  • Ankle sprains
  • Shoulder dislocations
  • Hamstring muscle strain

 

What is Considered a Chronic Injury?

Acute injuries are less common than chronic injuries. Chronic injuries usually occur over time, making them hard to diagnose and treat. They are the result of repetitive trauma to the tendons, bones, and joints. Common examples include:

  • Tennis elbow
  • Swimmer’s shoulder
  • Runner’s knee & jumper’s knee
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Shin splints

 

Acute & Chronic Injury Prevention

Whether the injury is chronic or acute, they must be treated immediately. The first step would be to stop the activity you’re doing immediately and perform the R.I.C.E. method. Some tips to prevent both acute and chronic are:

  • When jumping, land with your knees bent
  • Do warm-up exercises before any sport
  • Always stretch before you play or exercise
  • Cool down after hard sports or workouts
  • Wear shoes that fit properly, are stable, and absorb shock
  • Use the softest exercise surface you can find; don’t run on asphalt or concrete
  • Run on flat surfaces